Feb 5, 2019
China's high-tech industries have grown rapidly in recent years, as companies like Tencent and Alibaba achieve global name recognition and the quality of the country's digital infrastructure improves. To accelerate the development of its industrial capacity, Beijing has launched ‘Made in China 2025,’ a strategic blueprint that seeks to make China a global leader in high-tech manufacturing industries currently dominated by the United States and other developed economies. American opposition to the policy centers on arguments that it poses a national security threat, and would harm U.S. companies and distort global markets with its reliance on government subsidies, discriminatory treatment of foreign investment, forced technology transfers, intellectual property theft, and cyber espionage. Professor Yu Zhou of Vassar College explains why China is pursuing this initiative, its effect on China's technological capabilities, and the potential for cooperation—rather than competition—between the United States and China.
Yu Zhou is Professor of Geography at Vassar College. Professor Zhou received Bachelor and Master’s degrees from the Department of Regional and Environmental Sciences (formerly Geography) at Peking University and received a PhD in geography from the University of Minnesota in 1995. Her current research is on globalization and high-tech industries in China. More recently, she has done research into China’s green building program and urban sustainability. In the United States, her work focuses on the areas of ethnic business, gender and ethnic communities, and transnational business networks. In 2008, she was selected as a fellow of the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations' Public Intellectuals Program. She has been interviewed by The New York Times, The Washington Post, and Voice of America, among others.